Many Federal agencies have developed their own systems to provide grants administration functionality, with some individual operating divisions (OpDivs) within a single agency using their own distinct systems. The cost to operate and maintain these individual systems is extremely high.
The Federal government uses a Grants Management Line of Business (GMLoB) model that consolidates the number of grants management systems within HHS. The GMLoB model allows a granting organization to choose one of several grants administration systems, based on which system best fits the organization's business needs. There are three main GMLoB Consortia leads for the federal government. eRA has been approved as an alternative solution for agencies who do not partner with an existing GMLoB.
While business practices may vary among grant making communities, there are core functions common to many systems. By taking advantage of system flexibility, multiple entities can leverage the investment in a consolidated system like eRA and maximize its efficiencies.